Allergic reactions are caused by your immune symptom producing antibodies because it thinks the substance is harmful. The severity of allergies varies among people and ranges from mild irritation to anaphylaxis which can which can be life-threatening. The symptoms you experience depend on what you are allergic to; for example, hay fever causes sneezing, a runny, stuffy, and itchy nose or watery, itchy, red, or swelled up eyes. An allergic reaction to an insect bite causes a large, red, swollen area on the skin by the sting site and hives over your entire body.
Allergies are more common than you might realize, with more than 50 million Americans dealing with a variety of different allergies each year. So, how do you know that your symptoms are due to allergies? Our Southern Indiana ENT doctor, Dr. Dr. Anthony D. Sanders & Dr. Nicholas C. Hollenkamp, can provide you with the diagnosis and treatment plan you need to get your allergy symptoms under control.
Common Allergy Symptoms
The symptoms you experience can often inform our Columbus, IN ENT specialist as to what you are allergic to. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include,
- Stuffed up or runny nose
- Red, itchy eyes
- Shortness of breath
- Wheezing or trouble breathing
- Rash or hives
- Nausea or vomiting
- Swollen lips, tongue, or face
For example, you may develop nausea or diarrhea after eating a food to which you are allergic, while those who are allergic to pollen may develop watery eyes or a runny nose. Your symptoms will vary depending on what you are allergic to and how severe the allergy is.
In rare situations, an allergic reaction may be so severe that it can lead to anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening. This usually occurs within a few minutes of exposure and symptoms of anaphylaxis include,
- Swelling of the mouth or throat
- Trouble breathing
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Blue lips
- Losing consciousness
It is important that you seek medical attention right away if you or a family member develops symptoms of anaphylaxis.
Treating Your Allergies
If you are dealing with symptoms of an allergy, it’s important to turn to our Columbus, IN ENT specialist as soon as possible. After all, untreated allergies can often get worse, so the sooner you get your symptoms under control the better. Your allergy treatment plan will involve a variety of medications and lifestyle modifications.
Common medications include antihistamines, eye drops, nasal sprays, and decongestants. The medications prescribed will differ depending on what symptoms you are experiencing. Lifestyle modifications may include using an air filter, vacuuming regularly, bathing your pet weekly, and using special bedding.
If you are fighting with your allergy symptoms and can’t seem to get them under control, it might be time to turn to the allergy and asthma specialists at Southern Indiana ENT in Columbus, IN. Call our office today at (812) 376-3071 to learn more.